◉ Ionto phoresis, Θ (anion)
Iontophoresis is a non-invasive method of propelling high concentrations of a charged substance, normally medication or bioactive-agents, transdermally by repulsive electromotive force using a small electrical charge applied to an iontophoretic chamber containing a similarly charged active agent and its vehicle.
To clarify, one or two chambers are filled with a solution containing an active ingredient and its solvent, termed the vehicle.
The positively charged chamber, termed the anode will repel a positively charged chemical, while the negatively charged chamber, termed the cathode, will repel a negatively charged chemical into the skin.
Iontophoresis is well classified for use in transdermal drug delivery. Unlike transdermal patches, this method relies on active transportation within an electric field.
(1) L-Ascor C Serum
(2) Lightening Ampoule(Licorice)
(3) Redness Relief(Flavonoid)
(4) Collagen Ampoule
(5) Grapefruit Ampoule
◉ sono phoresis, non-ionized
Sonophoresis is a process that exponentially increases the absorption of topical compounds (transdermal delivery) into the epidermis, dermis and skin appendages. Sonophoresis occurs because ultrasound waves stimulate micro-vibrations within the skin epidermis and increase the overall kinetic energy of molecules making up topical agents.
It is widely used in hospitals to deliver drugs through the skin.
Pharmacists compound the drugs by mixing them with a coupling agent (gel, cream,
ointment) that transfers ultrasonic energy from the ultrasound transducer to the skin.
(1) Active Silky C Serum
(2) Retinol Care
(3) Azulene Care,
(4) Mandarine Serum
(5) Bio Cell White Serum
(6) Bio peptide Rejuvenation serum
(7) Bio Repair Serum